Stem cell therapy is promising for treatment of degenerative diseases. In Vietnam, stem cell applications
have been performed since the 1990s. In addition to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for malignant
hematologic diseases and disorders, mesenchymal stem cells have also been clinically approved for treatment of
diseases such as knee osteoarthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, autism, cerebral palsy and more in recent
years. Unlike countries that only permit use of non-expanded stem cells, the Vietnamese government has permitted
use of both non-expanded and expanded stem cells for both local and systemic transfusion in some diseases. After 20
years of stem cell development, the market has finally established stem cell banks and some stem cell clinical services.
Although some regulations or guidelines regarding stem cell applications have yet to be published by the government,
present breakthroughs in stem cell transplantation may facilitate Vietnam’s recognition as a key player in stem cell
application in Asia and, in the near future, the world.
Keywords: Stem cell transplantation, stem cell therapy, Vietnam, stem cell clinical trials, Personalized medicine