Cell migration and molecular mechanisms during healing of damaged vascular or muscle tissues are emerging fields of interest worldwide. The study herein focuses on evaluating the role of allogenic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) in restoring damaged tissues. Using a hindlimb ischemic mouse model, ADMSC-mediated induction of cell migration and gene expression related to myocyte regeneration and angiogenesis were evaluated. ADMSCs were labeled with GFP (ADMSC-GFP). The proximal end of the femoral blood vessel of mice (over 6 months of age) are ligated at two positions then cut between the two ties. Hindlimb ischemic mice were randomly divided into two groups: Group I (n = 30) which was injected with PBS (100 μL) and Group II (n = 30) which was transplanted with ADMSC-GFP (106 cells/100 μL PBS) at the rectus femoris muscle. The migration of ADMSC-GFP in hindlimb was analyzed by UV-Vis system. The expression of genes related to angiogenesis and muscle tissue repair was quantified by real-time RT-PCR. The results showed that ADMSCs existed in the grafted hindlimb for 7 days. Grafted cells migrated to other damaged areas such as thigh and heel. In both groups the ischemic hindlimb showed an increased expression of several angiogenic genes, including Flt-1, Flk-1, and Ang-2. In particular, the expression of Ang-2 and myogenic-related gene MyoD was significantly increased in the ADMSC-treated group compared to the PBS-treated (control) group; the expression increased at day 28 compared to day 3. The other factors, such as VE-Cadherin, HGF, CD31, Myf5, and TGF-β, were also more highly expressed in the ADMSC-treated group than in the control group. Thus, grafted ADMSCs were able to migrate to other areas in the injured hindlimb, persist for approximately 7 days, and have a significantly positive impact on stimulating expression of myogenic- and angiogenesis-related genes.
Ngày đăng: 16/06/2017